Firm foundations for all investments
Wielkopolska, compared to other regions of the country, may be proud of its well-developed infrastructure. Good energy supply, developed road and railway network and perfectly organized air transport deserves special attention.
The region's infrastructure is composed of many factors. It is, among other things, road and railway network but also the capabilities of water and air transport. The model of supplying the area with electricity, gas and oil is also significant. Good infrastructure is the basis for all investments. There are many of these in Wielkopolska. That means that the infrastructure meets the requirements of the entrepreneurs. The authorities of the voivodship and also the inhabitants themselves see the need for further extension of the infrastructural facilities. Therefore, we can observe plenty of roadworks or the necessity of the extension of the activity by Brown Coal Mine in Kleczew (Konin). Closer integration with European Union requires investments in railway and air transport as well. Without a constant development of voivodship's infrastructure it would not be possible for the region to open up fully to investors and tourists from all over the world.
The most important national roads in the voivodship are, among others, A2 motorway running from Berlin through the whole Poland as far as Mińsk, S5 dual carriageway (Grudziądz – Bydgoszcz – Poznań – Wrocław) or S11 dual carriageway (Kołobrzeg – Koszalin – Piła – Poznań - Ostrów Wlkp. –Tarnowskie Góry) which connects Poznań with Śląsk and Bałtyk's coast. Unfortunately, over 20% of the length of the national roads within the voivodship do not meet the requirements of the technical standards, especially the parts running through the towns. Thus, there is an urgent need to build ringroads on the national and voivodship roads. Within the last few years, on the voivodship's territory, the ringroads of: Murowana Goślina, Śrem, Śmigiel, Wolsztyn, Orzeszków, Gniezno, Ślesin, Nowy Tomyśl i Wągrowiec were built, and also the eastern ringroad of the city of Poznań as a part of S5 dual carriageway, and two sections of the western ringroad of the city of Poznań as a part of S11 dual carriageway. The total length of the national roads amounts to 1674 km and the length of voivodship roads exceeds 2500 km.
In 2010, the traffic increased by 23% on the voivodship roads compared to 2005. On the national roads, the increase of traffic in this period was similar and it amounted to 22%. The process directly relates to an increase of the significance of these roads for the national and international transport. Additionally, Wielkopolska has the highest rate defining a number of passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants, which for our region amounts to 510, and for the country 451.
Long-term under-investment of the transport system or even making savings at its expense led to the situation where only large investments in a short period of time may bring the road network to the state consistent with the needs and expectations of the society. At the moment, the repair-and-modernization works are dominating and a constantly growing number of vehicles, and bad condition of roads causes lowering of the traffic flow.
Energy and gas
Wielkopolska is well supplied with electric energy. The national system of transmission network on the territory of voivodship is made up of lines 400, 220 and 110 kV and developed system of electrical substations and main supply points. The main energy supplier for Wielkopolska is Zespół Elektrowni Pątnów Adamów Konin (ZE PAK S.A.) which has around 8% of power installed in the utility power plants in the country. It is also the second largest national producer of energy obtained from brown coal. Additionally, Dalkia Poznań ZEC (former Zespół Elektrociepłowni Poznańskich S.A.) – heat and power stations Karolin and Garbary in Poznań and heat and power station Kalisz-Piwonice and also Energetyka Poznańska Zakład Elektrowni Wodnych Sp. z o.o., which has at its disposal five hydroelectric power stations on the Gwda river, are also of crucial importance. In connection with the EU recommendations on the use of renewable energy sources, the aim of increasing the share of wind energy in the production of electric energy for Wielkopolska has emerged. The authorities of the region also rely on the development of geothermal energy. The current researches show that the sources of geothermal energy which are the most promising and possible to be obtained are lower Jurassic and lower Cretaceous sedimentary basins with the temperature of water from 200C to 1200C. The most important international transit gas pipelines and magistral ones of national importance run through the territory of Wielkopolska Voivodship. The gas pipeline "Jamał" currently connects Russia with Western Europe and there are plans to build its second, parallel line. Then, the "Jamał" gas pipeline will secure the gas service of northern part of Wielkopolska Voivodship. However, current securing of needs within the scope of gas supply is mainly covered by local resources of gas found in the southern and central part of Wielkopolska. These resources constitute 30% of country resources. The location of Wielkopolska within the bounds of big oil basin and the conducted researches confirm that there is a possibility of the existence of large deposits of gas and oil in south – eastern part of Wielkopolska.